29.10.2015 tarihli A.L. (X.W.) v. Russia kararı, Rusya’da yaşayan ve Çin’de şüpheli olarak aranan bir kişi ile ilgilidir. Bu kişi, Çin’e sınır dışı edilirse; idam cezasına çarptırılabilecektir. Mahkemeye göre, Rusya, Sözleşme uyarınca bu kişiyi böyle bir riske maruz bırakmamakla yükümlüdür. Sonuç olarak, diğerlerinin yanında, bu kişinin Çin’e zorla gönderilmesi, AİHS md. 2’nin ihlaline yol açacaktır.
A.L. (X.W.) v. Russia kararı, “http://hudoc.echr.coe.int/” adresinden erişilebilirdir.
A.L. (X.W.) v. Russia kararının basın duyurusu,
“http://hudoc.echr.coe.int/app/conversion/pdf?library=ECHR&id=003-5211672-6457952&filename=Judgment%20A.L.%20%28X.W.%29%20v.%20Russia%20-%20impending%20expulsion%20to%20China.pdf” adresinden erişilebilirdir.
Bu basın duyurusunun özeti, İngilizce haliyle, aşağıdaki gibidir:
A.L. (X.W.) v. Russia (application no. 44095/14)
Expulsion of criminal suspect to China would expose him to risk of facing the death penalty, in violation of the Convention
In today’s Chamber judgment1 in the case of A.L. (X.W.) v. Russia (application no. 44095/14) the European Court of Human Rights held, unanimously:
that the applicant’s forcible return to China would give rise to a violation of Article 2 (right to life) and Article 3 (prohibition of inhuman or degrading treatment) of the European Convention on Human Rights; and
that there had been a violation of Article 3 of the Convention on account of the conditions of the applicant’s detention in a detention centre for aliens and on account of the conditions of his detention at a police station.
The case concerned, in particular, the complaint by a man residing in Russia and wanted as a criminal suspect in China that if forcibly returned to China, he would be at risk of being convicted and sentenced to death.
The Court considered that, given that the exclusion order against the applicant mentioned explicitly that he would be deported if he did no leave Russia before the stated deadline and that his Russian passport had been seized, he was at imminent risk of deportation to China where he might be sentenced to death. Russia was bound by an obligation, under the Convention, not to expose him to such risk.